Reading & Writing - 4
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Bharatvani Hind Teacher
Bharatvani Hind Teacher
Bharatvani Hind Teacher
Bharatvani Hind Teacher
Bharatvani Hind Teacher


Assembling Words and Sentences

Hindi is a phonetic language. Hindi words are pronounced exactly as they are written.You don't have to memorise the correct spelling of a word. All consonants have an 'a' sound inherent in them. To write the English word 'come' in  Devanagari script all you do is assemble the two consonants and   by keeping them together and joining them with the horizontal headstroke as shown below:

कम 

Similarly to write the Hindi word 'kamal' (lotus) you will simply add to the end of the above word and join all three letters together with the horizontal line:

कमल

To modify the sound of word 'kamal' to 'komal' (soft, delicate) you will add the modifier sign (maattraa) of vowel ो  after as:

कोमल

It is that simple. Here are a few examples of simple words starting with letter क:

कपट

कसक

क़मर

कंगन

कुंदन

कठोर

कमरा

कमला

कलकता

कराची

काशी

क़ुरान

काग़ज़

केला

कोठी

कुरसी

Whenever a Hindi word requires a consonant without its inherent 'a' sound, it is written without its down-stroke (da.ndaa). Here are a few examples of such words:

नमस्ते 

अवश्य

अध्यापक

कष्ट 

गुस्सा 

चप्पल

जन्मदिन

त्योहार

दोस्त 

धन्यवाद 

ध्यान

अच्छा

You can start your writing practice by copying these words on your note book.

As in any language, Hindi sentences are formed by putting two or more words in together, for example:

नमस्ते, मेरा नाम राम है। आपका नाम क्या है?

नमस्ते राम। मेरा नाम कमला है। मैन। इसी कालेज में पढती हूं। 

आप से मिलकर बहुत खुशी हुई। आप मेरे साथ चाय पीयेंगी?

आप का बहुत धन्यवाद, लेकिन आज मुझे जलदी घर जाना है। 

आप का घर कहां है?

यहां से लगभग पांच मील दूर है। 

The sequence in which the words must be placed together is governed by the Hindi syntax which has been explained at length in our Speaking course (Click here to Join). Throughout this course we have included many Hindi words, sentences, songs and dialogues with their translation in English. You should revisit these lessons and practice by writing them on your notebook. When you view these pages again try to read their Devanagari text, rather than the Roman text.

In the next chapter you will learn to type in Hindi using your computer keyboard.

 

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